GBTI has successfully dealt with most of the issues, faced by directly affected persons, while social mobilization work continues to bring the 55,000 households in 20 UCs under organized folds for promotion of a participatory socio-uplift work in the Project area. Broadly speaking, the Project area lies within the borderlands of Punjab and KPK. The affected area is further divided in four regions called the Sarwala and Chhachh regions in district Attok, which respectively consists of 21 and 17 affected villages; Ghazi region is located in tehsil Ghazi of district Haripur, which has 13 affected villages and the remaining 5 villages are located at the Right Bank Side region in district Swabi. At present, GBTI works in the field through the nine field unit offices, located in Sarwala, Chhachh, and Ghazi regions. The Ghazi region, however, covers the Right Bank Side region also. The bulk of inhabits are Pakhtun in origin. There is an admixture of other groups of whom "Awans" are the largest. Linguistically the majority speaks variants of Punjabi, Seraiki with Hindko predominant in the Ghazi and Chhachh regions and the distintinctive Attock dialect in Sarwala region. The whole Project area is "Barani" / rain-fed, with slight differences in terrain, rainfall, and ground water resources and agricultural productivity.
In its eastern extremity, the Ghazi region portrays a hilly scene, which borders the Tarbela Dam, while the rest of the area comprises gently rolling land with good vegetation cover. Ghazi is not separated from Chhachh region by any natural features and extends administratively as far as the town of Ghoreghushti, the only apparent distinct factor is that unlike Chhachh and Right Bank Side, Ghazi is less socially conservative. The presence of Tarbela Dam has brought prosperity and development to the tract though majority of residents complain of an unfair treatment during the Tarbela Dam construction and they continue to fight cases for long outstanding compensation and resettlement cases. With the presence of well informed local NGOs such as the Falcon Youth Welfare Organization and Idara Khidmat-e-Khalq, people are charged up and have the ability to dictate favorable terms on WAPDA in the GBHPP cases. Growing urbanization and paucity of land and a considerable number of people working abroad, who send back home foreign remittances, puts a tremendous pressure on buying and selling land at higher rates. Majority of people consider farming as their main source of earning. About 12% people work elsewhere in the country or abroad and another 31% are landless.
Chhachh region, which lies in district Attock extends from the historically famous town, called Ghoreghushti to approximately the Grand Truck (G.T.) Road. There is no sharp ethnic division between Ghazi and Chhachh region. As with the plains portion of the Ghazi tract, Chhachh is traditionally known land broken by rain and floodwater channels. Chhachh is traditionally known for its fertile lands and livestock. Owning land is a symbol of status and Chhachh is known for the large portion of its habitants living in Europe, particularly the United Kingdom (UK). Since the region is socially conservative, another sign of status, thus, is not requiring womenfolk to work outside the home. Even though the area is predominantly agricultural, only 12% women cite farming and labor as their main source of income in poorer villages. While the land price has little to do with the land's productivity potential, the land mutations have little to do with the land's productivity potential, the land mutations have tended to bid up high land prices in Chhachh and resultantly the affectess demanded high compensation for their lands, which were acquired for the GBTI Project.
Sarwala region lies in between the G.T.Road and the river Indus. Hilly, broken and drier than either Ghazi or Chhachh; the area has lower agricultural potential and is visibly poorer. Ground water resources are patchy despite the proximity to the Indus, owing to the nature of the terrain. About 40% males list agriculture as their main source of income, while 19% cite labor as their main income source. A significant fact is the large number of women who work in farming; 24% are directly engaged in agricultural activities and another 72% laboring and or farming. Only 2% people live abroad while about 12% work elsewhere in the country. The harsh conditions in Sarwala region urged people to ask for better alternate lands elsewhere in Punjab, as replacement of the lands acquired by the GBHP Project. With an initial focus on 55- Project affected villages, confined within a narrow belt of the 52 kms long GBHP canal, called the "Power Channel (PC)" starting at tehsil Ghazi of district Haripur in the KPK and extending to village Barotha in district Attock in the Punjab; GBTI, in recent few years, has grown significantly both in terms of the organizational base and its area of work. Adopting a Union Council-Wise (UC) coverage strategy, GBTI now works in 20 UCs; 5 in Sarwala and 6 in Ghazi / Right Bank Regions falling in district Attock, Haripur and Swabi, respectively, while 9 UCs come under the Chhachh Region in district Attock. GBTI now reaches poor communities in over 200 villages, helping them to get organized by forming of Community Organizations (COs) enabling them to take their own development in their own hands.
The programme area in Swabi comprises 4 union councils having 10392 households and 67548 people. The project acquired 708 hac of common land from two villages Pontia and Gala in the programmes area. In addition, three more villages namely Topi, Batkara and Kotha were also declared as affectee in view of their ownership claim on the acquired land. Total number of villages affected by Ghazi Barotha project was five in the programme area. While some villages under the programme area have good potential for agriculture due to availability of canal water and small dams, the remaining area is largely rain fed. Major cash crops of the area include Tobacco, Wheat and Maize. In addition to agriculture, a significant no. of people of the area earns their living through a variety of trades and services.